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How Can I Look After My Teeth?2019-11-15T01:55:42+00:00
Dental health can be maintained in the majority of instances with good oral hygiene practices and diet management

Oral hygiene

There are two important factors to consider with tooth cleaning.

  • Bleeding gums are almost always a sign that there are bacteria present. Therefore, when your gums bleed in a certain spot, or generally, it is not a signal to avoid the area, but just the opposite. This is your body’s way of telling you that there are persistent bacteria present and that they are causing continual inflammation of your gums. Get rid of the bacteria and the bleeding will disappear. If it doesn’t’ contact us as there are probably other factors contributing to the problem
  • Bacteria on teeth are held in a tacky, slimy layer called plaque. Therefore, to get it off, you need to use some force or positive pressure from your brush or floss. If you don’t, you will never removed it. As long as you do not use a horizontal scrubbing motion, you will not do damage to your teeth or gums.


Teeth should be brushed twice daily. The most important factor in this process is the brush and not so much the toothpaste. Always opt for a soft bristle brush and aim for a brush head that is smaller and simple in design. There are two techniques in brushing, the Bass technique (ie flick away from the gum) or a small circular motion with the brush angles at about 45 degrees to the gum-line. Either technique will be effective, but it is important to:

  • keep positive pressure on the tooth from the brush,
  • keep movements small (ie small circles)
  • avoid horizontal (sideways) motion (especially if you are using the circular technique)

Note that with brushing, keep the toothpaste used to a manageable amount, for an adult about the size of a large pea, a child about the size of a small pea.
Electric toothbrushes are excellent, especially in people where there is diminished dexterity (eg, young children, arthritis sufferers).
Interdental cleaning. Cleaning between your teeth is essential because this is where most dental disease (whether it be tooth decay or periodontal “gum”) disease occurs. There are two techniques to clean between your teeth: dental floss or interdental brushes.


You can floss your teeth by wrapping the floss around your fingers or
Using floss holders. Either technique is fine. If are wrapping the floss
Around your fingers, you want to wrap it around your middle finger
And use your thumb and forefinger to control it. Always keep one
Finger on the inside of your mouth and one on the outside. And keep
The length of floss between your fingers to the absolute minimum to
allow good control.

Interdental brushes:

These are great where the spaces between your teeth are quite large,
Or where is you are finding is difficult to floss.


There are a number of things to consider with diet.

Sugar Intake.

In a nutshell, it’s all about the frequency, not the amount of sugar you
ingest. So it’s all about the snacks and liquid refreshments you take in
during the day. You need to minimize the frequency of sugar exposure,
so keep sugars (whether that be in the form food or drinks) to a


The bacteria in our mouth produce acids. These acids are what cause
tooth decay. Our saliva contains minerals which buffer these acids
bringing the oral environment to a more neutral ph range. When you
are dehydrated, you will have less saliva and therefore its protective
effect in buffering the bacterial acids will be diminished, making you
more prone to dental decay.

  • Lack of hydration can have a number of causes apart from
    inadequate water intake such as:
  • Excessive caffeine consumption (which is has a diuretic effect)
    in the form of tea and coffee.
  • Long periods of heated or air conditioned environments.
  • Medications which have the effect of reducing your salivary
    (many hypertension and antidepressant medications) flow or
    have a diuretic effect.
  • Long periods in hot outdoor environments.


Acid exposure has two effects on teeth. It can lead to erosion of the
enamel and also lead to a higher pre-disposition to dental decay by
enhancing the decay-producing effect of dental plaque acids.

  • Beverages. Fizzy and sports drinks contain acids, whether they
    be carbonic , phosphoric or others (from electrolytes in sports
    drinks). Also, some alcohlolic drinks, such as wine can be acidic
  • Reflux. If you suffer from gastric reflux, stomach acids enter
    your mouth increasing the acidity of the environment.
  • Foods. Many stick and sugary foods are also highly acidic.
Grinding & Temporo2019-11-15T01:28:23+00:00

Grinding & Clenching

These habits can damage teeth and lead to muscle and joint soreness. While grinding at night can occur, damage can also be caused by daytime clenching. While many people do it to some degree, most are unaware. The damaging effects of night time grinding can be prevented by wearing a splint

Accelerated tooth wear results from a grinding habit or other abnormal movement of the teeth against each other (eg. fingernail biting). However, a significant component of the loss of tooth mass can be due to the erosion of the tooth surface from an acidic environment (eg. from foods, drinks, lack of hydration etc).

Temporo mandibular joint dysfunction

This is a condition which affects the joint of the jaw and the supporting muscles. It can result in a number of symptoms from either the joint and or the supporting muscles. The symptoms associated with this condition are as follows:

  • Headache,
  • Earache
  • Jaw pain
  • Neck ache
  • Noise from the joint like clicking, popping and grating.
  • Abnormal jaw opening: like deviation, limitations and locking on opening

These conditions can be treated effectively with a number of strategies. This practice uses the latest CAD CAM technology to fabricate high quality splints which can ease symptoms and protect teeth.

The practice also works closely with a number of physiotherapy and osteopathic practices to who can treat symptoms effectively with musculoskeletal manipulation.

Denture Care2019-11-15T01:26:59+00:00

Full Dentures.

Ideally take them out at night. If you do so, gently clean them with an old toothbrush or denture brush. Never use toothpaste with it, only water or if you have stains, then soap. Do not store them in water, leave them out dry. To clean them, once a week while you shower or bathe, let them sit in a glass of water with a couple of drops of white vinegar.

Partial Dentures.

Same cleaning regimen applies, except that it is important to remove them before you brush your teeth and it is ideal to not wear them when sleeping.

Dental Health for Older Patients2019-11-15T02:08:59+00:00

Medical Conditions

Dental Disease

Periodontal disease, which is a destructive form of gum disease, has been shown to be associated with some health conditions. An association has been found between the presence of periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease. However the nature of the relationship is not known. Diabetes, however has been shown to be associated with a greater predisposition to periodontal disease.

Impact on oral health

Any condition which has a negative effect on manual dexterity (eg arthritis and Parkinson’s disease) will have a negative impact of ability to carry out oral hygiene procedures. In such cases, use of electric toothbrushes, high fluoride toothpastes or gels and tooth mousse can be of preventive assistance.


Such as those to treat high blood pressure and depression can have the effect to reduce salivary flow in the mouth. This has the effect to cause a dry mouth which increases the risk of tooth decay. In these situations, hydration is important as well as controlling diet. Using high fluoride toothpaste, or gels as well as tooth mousse can be a great preventive aid.


Has a number of negative effects on teeth and the structures of the mouth.

  • It  causes cancer of the mouth, tongue, lips and cheeks
  • It increases the risk and severity of periodontal disease.
  • It has obvious negative effects on the appearance of teeth.


Dentistry & Pregnancy2019-11-14T23:50:02+00:00

Pregnancy can be a period of risk for dental problems.
However, there are some common misconceptions about pregnancy and dentistry. Firstly, pregnancy does not cause calcium to be lost or leached from the teeth.

The dental problems relating to pregnancy are as follows:

Gum health.

Pregnancy hormones can change the blood supply to the teeth resulting in gums that are much more prone to bleeding. This however, can be controlled well by minimizing the bacterial build up on the teeth that is the source of the irritation to the gums. Good oral hygiene and regular dental visits can ensure this will not be a problem.

Higher risk of dental decay.

Pregnancy can be a risk period for dental decay due to a number of factors.
Morning sickness.Vomiting and nausea caused by morning sickness increases the acids in the mouth which increases the risk of dental decay and erosion. After vomiting, rinse your mouth with water. You can also rub some toothpaste on your teeth with your finger. Avoid brushihg your teeth for at least 30 minutes to avoid acids being rubbed into your teeth.

Sometimes, people drink sweetened drinks or eat sweet snacks to alleviate the symptoms of nausea. These sweetened drinks and snacks can increase the risk of dental deagy.

Food cravings.

Cravings for sweet, or sweet and sticky snacks will put your teeth at risk of further dental problems.

Children’s Oral Hygiene2019-11-14T23:48:26+00:00
The same principles apply to children as with adults. Drinks of water and milk are ideal for children as they reduce the acids on the teeth.

Foods to Avoid

Acidic, sticky and sweet.

  • Fruit juices
  • Flavoured milk
  • Sports drinks
  • Sweetened cereals
  • Dried fruit bars, muesli bars
  • Jam
  • Sweet biscuits
  • Lollies- including natural snakes
  • Cordials
  • Soft drinks (including sugar free)
  • Dried fruit (sultanas, apricots)
  • Honey
  • Cake

Eating fruit between meals can also be harmful to the teeth due to the acids and sugars in fruits. If they are having a fruit snack, follow up with a small piece of cheese or a drink of milk or water.

Tooth Friendly Snacks

  • Dry biscuits (crackers)
  • Popcorn
  • Nuts
  • Sushi
  • Cut-up vegetables with dips such as tzatziki or hummus
  • Sliced ham, salmon or turkey
  • Plain rice cakes
  • Cheese slices

Children should brush their teeth twice a day, after breakfast and before going to bed at night. Until about 7 years of age, children should be helped to clean their teeth with a toothbrush and toothpaste (a pea sized ball of low fluoride toothpaste for children under 7 years). No rinsing is required with the toothpaste spat out.


The fear of visiting the dentist is definitely not uncommon. Thankfully, innovations in medicine and dentistry in particular give you the opportunity to undergo several procedures without experiencing pain or discomfort. Having amazing staff to hold your hand also helps.

Useful Links2019-11-15T01:31:41+00:00
Australian Dental Association: http://www.ada.org.au/

Academy of Biomimetic Dentistry http://www.academyofbiomimeticdent.org/

Straumann http://www.straumann.com.au/au-index/patients.htm

Australian Osseointegration Society http://www.aos.org.au/Patients/index.aspx

3M Lava Ultimate http://solutions.3m.com/wps/portal/3M/en_US/3M-ESPE-NA/dental-professionals/products/category/digital-materials/lava-ultimate/

European Prosthodontic Society http://www.epadental.org/

American Association of Endodontists http://www.aae.org/

British Society of Prosthodontics http://www.bsspd.org/For+Patients/Introducing+the+BSSPD.aspx

American Academy of Periodontology soc http://www.aae.org/

Ivoclar Vivadent Australia – IPS Emax Ceramic http://www.ivoclarvivadent.us/emaxchangeseverything/

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